Passed by the 86th Texas Legislature in 2019, House Bill (HB) 3 made substantial changes to the Austin ISD's Chapter 49 (previously Chapter 41) recapture payment. House Bill 3 amended the Education Code to transfer certain sections from Chapter 41 to Chapter 49, and revised formulas used to determine excess local revenue under the FSP by adding Subchapter F, Chapter 48, Education Code, Section 48.257, Local Revenue in Excess of Entitlement. Texas Education Code, Chapter 49, provision recaptures local tax dollars from property-rich districts and redistributes the funds to property-poor districts; often referred to as “share the wealth” or “Robin Hood” plan.
Austin ISD is considered a property-rich school district. In FY2022, nearly 53 percent of all local revenue collected from property taxes is estimated to be subject to recapture; FY2023 budget includes an estimate that 54.5 percent of all local tax revenue will be subjected to recapture. In FY2022, Austin ISD anticipates the district will submit $761.3 million to the state in recapture funds. From FY2001 to FY2022, Austin ISD will have paid the state of Texas close to $6.0 billion in recapture payments.
Figure 1: In FY2023 Adopted Budget, Austin ISD’s estimate recapture payment is $845.9, with a conservative assumption that enrollment will remain flat against the October 2021 PEIMS Student Snapshot. The payment will be half of the District’s Adopted Expenditure budget of $1.68 billion.
Figure 1: FY2023 General Fund Adopted Expenditures - Breakdown of Each Dollar
Figure 2: The FY2023 Adopted General Fund expenditure budget estimates that 50.3 percent will comprise the district’s (Chapter 49) Recapture payment. When looking at the General Fund and excluding recapture, Salary Related expenses are at 86.7 percent of the fund. Professional and Contracted Services are at 8.0 percent; Supplies and Materials make up 3.7 percent; and Other Operating Costs come in at 1.7 percent of the General Fund budget.
Figure 2: FY2023 General Fund Adopted Expenditures including/excluding Recapture
Figure 3: In FY2023, Austin ISD's estimated recapture payment is $845.9 million. This reflects a nearly a 400 percent increase in recapture when compared to payment made in FY2015.
Figure 4: In FY2021, Austin ISD paid $473.4 million more in recapture than other recapture Region 13 Districts combined.
Source: District’s Annual Financial Report & Adopted Budget Summary
*Preliminary 2022 Summary of Finance run ID 36851, July 18th, 2022
Figure 5: In FY2021, Austin ISD paid $508.87 million more in Recapture Payments than the second highest Texas School District. Austin ISD continues to be the largest payer into the state finance system.