What is Dyslexia?
Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurobiological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede growth of vocabulary and background knowledge. (Lyon, G.R., Shaywitz, S. E., Shaywitz, B.A. (2003). A definition of dyslexia. Annals of Dyslexia, 53, 1-14.)
Students with dyslexia can be served under special education or under Section 504, depending on the student’s unique needs. Please see TEA guidance (June 2018) Provision of Services for Students with Dyslexia and Related Disorders.
What do I do if I suspect my child has dyslexia?
Review the common characteristics. If you suspect your child has dyslexia, contact your campus principal, the special education department, or the 504 department to request a meeting and possible evaluation.
The Texas Dyslexia Handbook
- Texas has special guidance regarding the identification and treatment of dyslexia via the handbook
The handbook is currently under a major revision and will be posted as soon as it’s approved by the State Board of Education to this webpage.
You can view the current (less up to date) version of the handbook here:
The Dyslexia Handbook-Revised 2014: Procedures Concerning Dyslexia and Related Disorders - English - with tabs
Manual Sobre La Dislexia–Modificado 2014: Procedimientos sobre la dislexia y trastornos relacionados - Español - with tabs