Homeless Children and Youth under the McKinney-Vento Act

Who are Homeless Children and Youth? 

The Texas Homeless Education Office (THEO) describes homelessness as a lack of permanent housing resulting from extreme poverty, or, in the case of unaccompanied youth, the lack of a safe and stable living environment.  McKinney-Vento Act (Section 725) goes on to further identify homeless children and youth as those who lack a fixed, regular and adequate nighttime residence.  Key provisions in identifying homeless children and youth include, but are not limited to:

  1. Sharing the housing of other persons due to loss of permanent housing, economic hardship, or a similar reason.
  2. Living in motels, hotels, trailer parks, camping grounds, cars, parks, public spaces, abandoned buildings, substandard housing, bus or train stations, or similar settings.
  3. Living in emergency or transitional shelters.
  4. Abandoned in hospitals.
  5. Migratory children who qualify as homeless because they are living in any of the above circumstances. 

For more information on the McKinney-Vento Act, visit the following websites: 
http://center.serve.org/nche/downloads/briefs/reauthorization.pdf
http://www2.ed.gov/policy/elsec/leg/esea02/pg116.html
http://www.naehcy.org/educational-resources/m-v

For more information on student transportation under the McKinney-Vento Act, visit the following website: 
http://center.serve.org/nche/downloads/briefs/transportation.pdf